XU Haoliang, UN Assistant Secretary-General, UNDP Assistant Administrator and Director of Bureau for Policy and Programme Support
GONG Ke, Executive Director of Chinese Institute of New Generation Artificial Intelligence Development Strategies; Past President of the World Federation of Engineering Organizations
ZHANG Hongjiang, Foreign Academician of the National Academy of Engineering; Chairman of Beijing Academy of Artificial Intelligence
In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) represented by super large-scale pre-training model grows by leaps and bounds with more resources of data and computing power, injecting intelligent impetus to research in life science, mathematics, space science among other fields. Meanwhile, expanded application scenarios also nourish the development of AI, driving traditional industries to go intelligent. In particular, against the urgent needs for global economic recovery in the post-pandemic era, AI plays a more prominent role in empowering scientific research and innovation and industrial development, and underpins improvement of capacity of risk prediction, crisis response and recovery, adding to the resilience of the social and economic development.
However, as AI technologies are more deeply embedded in economic and social life, transforming our means of production and lifestyle, it also elicits more prominent challenges in security, privacy and equity. Over the past year, governments, international organizations and industrial communities have rolled out a series of norms and regulations, policies and standards of AI governance, making AI governance one of the most important agendas in global governance.
At the just-concluded 17th G20 Leaders’ Summit, China’s President Xi Jinping proposed an initiative aimed at making global development more resilient. The Global Development Initiative that China proposed is an innovation-driven approach. The historic opportunity of recent revolutions in science and technology, and industrial changes should be seized to accelerate the transformation of these technological achievements to productivity. It is important to foster an open, fair, just, and non-discriminatory environment for science and technology development. At the same time, cultivate new momentum for economic growth to pursue leapfrog development together.
China has recently formally submitted its Position Paper on Strengthening Ethical Governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) to a meeting of the States Parties to the UN Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons. Based on the implementation of the policies on technology ethics in China and useful international experience, the Paper highlighted the priority of ethics in AI governance, and proposed systematic recommendations for strengthening the ethical governance of AI, with emphasis on promoting the establishment of an international framework and standards for AI governance based on broad consensus through international exchange and collaboration.
In this context, the International AI Cooperation and Governance Forum 2022 will be convened under the theme of “AI Governance and International Cooperation for a Resilient Future”. Focusing on regulation, R&D, utilization and international cooperation of AI, it explores the establishment of a governance system appropriate for the sound development of AI; development of governance technologies and tools to guarantee responsible use of AI; and the best practices in AI governance of the political, industrial, academic and research communities in different countries and regions. The forum aims to promote AI to provide new momentum for and unleash potential of scientific innovation and industrial development, so as to make global growth more inclusive, resilient and sustainable for the common well-being of humanity, and for a community with a shared future for mankind.